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A stallion is a male horse that is able to produce offspring. Stallions are mature male horses that are over the age of four.
When a stallion is used for breeding he is also called a stud. Once a stallion becomes a father, he is also referred to as a sire. Stallions are often known to be hard to work with at times, but with the right training and care they can be easier to handle.
What do Stallions Look Like?
Stallions are commonly known for having thick, cresty necks and well-muscled bodies. These characteristics are often distinct in stallions and generally won’t be as prominent in mares and geldings.
If a stallion is going to be used for breeding, it is important that he has good conformation and phenotype to pass on his desired traits. This will help ensure that he will produce quality offspring. In order to be registered as a purebred, he must adhere to his breed’s standards.
If a stallion has good bloodlines and successful offspring, he will often have an expensive stud fee. The stud fee is what someone pays to breed their mare to a stallion. Many people will carefully study a stallion’s bloodlines before breeding their mare to him.
How do Stallions Behave?
Though the temperament of stallions can range widely, they are often characterized to be harder to handle than mares and geldings. They can be aggressive by nature and territorial of their surroundings.
However, some stallions are calm, well-mannered, gentle and willing to please. Their breed, training and environment can all impact how they behave. However, it is always important to be cautious around stallions, as they can be unpredictable.
Since stallions can be difficult to handle at times and can be aggressive, they are often only kept for breeding purposes.
Once a stallion has been castrated, he is often easier to work with. However, if trained right, they can also excel in many different disciplines.
What is Herd Behavior in Stallions?
Stallions will typically form either bachelor or family herds when in the wild. In a family herd they will be in charge of a group of mares and in a bachelor herd they travel with other stallions.
A family herd dynamic is typically made up of one stallion with around two to four mares and their foals.
Some dominant and powerful stallions may have herds of five or more mares and their offspring, but that is not common. Family herds will often travel closely together until the young horses are ready to go off to start their own herds.
Bachelor herds are typically made up of young stallions that haven’t started their own family herd yet.
However, stallions of any age can be found in bachelor groups. Since horses are social animals, they typically travel in herds for companionship and safety.
Do Stallions Fight Often?
When two stallions meet in the wild, they typically don’t fight unless they think that it is necessary. Oftentimes they will just bluff each other until the weaker one backs off.
It is common for a stallion to steal mares from other herds. However, there is often not much real fighting that occurs when this happens. They will generally only fight if they feel threatened, but even then the weaker horse will often flee.
In domestic situations, it can sometimes be different. If two stallions are in a pasture together, the fights can get serious. Since there’s nowhere else for them to flee, fights can get dangerous and result in serious injury.
You should avoid putting stallions and mares out to pasture together, as they will likely fight over the mares and will mate with them. It can also be risky to have just stallions together in a pasture, as they may not get along well.
It is often best to turn stallions out with geldings, but you must still be careful and take time to properly introduce them. However, some will do best with solo turn out.
How Do You Properly Manage a Stallion?
If you are going to be handling a stallion, it is important you understand how to properly do so. They can be stubborn and difficult to handle at times, so it is important to know what to do in those situations.
Every stallion should be assessed individually, as they all act differently. It is very important that a stallion learns how to respect his handler, so both person and stallion are safe. They are naturally dominant, so teaching them respect is vital.
Though confinement and isolation have been used to manage stallions, it is not always an ideal method. Since horses are social animals, it is often best they have regular interaction with other horses and spend time outside.
So by carefully watching and selecting pasture mates, stallions can be turned out with geldings and potentially other stallions. By allowing them to interact with other horses, stallions can have less negative behaviors and be easier to work with.
Due to the fact a stallion’s natural instinct may kick in at any time, there are often restrictions when it comes to showing them. Many breeds will not allow stallions to be shown in junior exhibitor and ladies classes.
Stallions can make wonderful show horses, but caution must always be taken when showing one. They need to be thoroughly trained and have an experienced exhibitor if they are going to be shown.
5 Interesting Facts About Stallions
- The word stallion means “stalled one” and originated under the rule of King Henry VII who prohibited uncastrated male horses in commons or fields.
- A Thoroughbred stallion named Tapit has one of the highest stud fees ever at $300,000.
- The world-famous Spanish Riding School uses only Lipizzaner stallions in its performances.
- Stallions were popular war horses in medieval times as they were bolder and more likely to fight.
- Stallions that have low-pitch whinnies are often more fertile and more attractive to mares.
To learn more facts about horses, see our interesting 45 horse facts article here.